Thursday, September 10, 2009

Notes on 1 Corinthians

Introduction to our study of 1 Corinthians
Imagine writing a letter to someone in modern day Greece. How long do you think it would take to get there? There was no ancient post office. Letter carriers had to hand deliver much of their mail. Imagine a world were not all of the streets had names, and the houses had no numbers. There were no Yellow pages to look up the address of First Baptist Church of Corinth. The deliverers probably just had to rely on a network of fellow tradesmen and such.

Corinth was once a flourishing city-state of Greece (independent). It came into conflict with Rome as Rome was beginning its climb to world dominance. In 146 BC it was destroyed. It lay in ruins for 100 years until it was rebuilt by Julius Caesar in 44 BC. Why was it rebuilt: its location. It had a prime location for commerce. It lay near the isthmus that connected mainland Greece and the Peloponnesus. What does that mean? An isthmus is a land bridge. Travel around the Peloponnesus involved a 250 mile voyage which was dangerous and time consuming. Most sea captains carried their ships on skids or rollers across the isthmus directly past Corinth.
Another factor that helped Corinth do well was the Isthmian games which took place every other year. This was the second most famous athletic contest in Greece (next to the Olympic Games).

As what happens in many large wealthy cities, vice and immorality do well also. Old Corinth gained a reputation for sexual vice that one ancient Greek philosopher coined the verb “korinthiazo” = to act like a Corinthian, i.e., to engage in acts of sexual immorality. 6:9-11a –Neither the sexually immoral nor idolater…nor adulterers nor male prostitutes nor homosexual offenders…And that is what some of you were…

Corinth was also a religiously diverse city. There were 26 sacred places devoted to the Roman-Greek pantheon of Gods. There is also evidence of a synagogue.

The church was founded by Paul on his second missionary journey.
Acts 18.1-4 - After this, Paul left Athens and went to Corinth. There he met a Jew named Aquila…who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had ordered the Jews to leave Rome… Paul went to see them, and because he was a tentmaker as they were, he stayed and worked with them. Every Sabbath he reasoned in the synagogue, trying to persuade the Jews and Greeks.

He came to Corinth late spring or early summer of AD 50. He found work and lodging with Prisca and Aquila, Christian Jews who were kicked out of Rome when Claudius expelled the Jews from Rome in AD 41. He wrote 1 and 2 Thessalonians while with them.
Worked with Aquila and Priscilla, fellow tentmakers. Probably outreach to Gentiles…when support arrived, moved to synagogue to outreach Jews and believing Gentiles
Acts 18:8 – Crispus, the synagogue ruler, and his entire household believed in the Lord; and many of the Corinthians who heard him believed and were baptized.

Acts 18:11-12 – So Paul stayed for a year and a half, teaching them the word of God. While Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews made a united attack on Paul and brought him into court.

Picture of membership
Corinthian church was a predominantly Gentile (non-Jewish) community, the majority of who were at the lower end of the socio-economic ladder, although there were two or three wealthy families. As former pagans they brought to the Christian faith a Hellenistic worldview and attitude toward ethical behavior.
1 Cor. 6:11a - offenders…And that is what some of you were…
This was a diverse congregation –
1.26 – Think of what you were when you were called. Not many of you were wise by human standards; not many were influential; not many were of noble birth.

Not wise or influential, tradesmen looked down upon.
Roman Jews – Priscilla and Aquila (successful business people); Crispus, the synagogue ruler
Romans – Fortunas, Quartus, Gaius, Titius Justus
Greek Names – Stephanas, Achaicus, Erastus
Stephanas was probably wealthy (refer to chapter 16 and his work…)
Erastus might have been director of public works
Rom. 16.23 – Erastus, who is the city’s director of public works and our brother Quartus send you their greetings.

The congregation, for the most part, was not accepted by the upper-class people, even though some of them were wealthy or successful.
Lord’s Supper – 11.17-33, esp. 22 - 11:22 – Don’t you have homes to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God and humiliate those who have nothing?

Priscilla and Aquila were successful business people, but they were Jews and considered outsiders.
Erastus, it is believed had achieved the second most important position in the administration of Corinth, but was looked down on because he was a freedman (former slave) and the son of a slave.
These people may have been attracted to the gospel because it represented the paradox that was their lives.

Why did Paul write 1 Corinthians?
The occasion of the letter was the response to a letter from the church brought to Paul by Stephanas, Fortunatus, and Achaicus (Read 16.15-17).
Also, a wealthy woman of Ephesus, Chloe, sent some of her employees to Corinth on business. While they spent time at the church they were shocked by the “unchristian” behavior (1 Cor. 1.11)
Paul was responding to situations that had developed in the Corinthian church between the time Paul left the city and the writing of this letter three years later.
Paul addresses, in response to reports (1.11; 5.1; 11.18) or to their letter (cf. 7.1), at least 11 different, somewhat diverse concerns, ten of which are behavioral; and one that is theological.

Feel Paul’s pain. Paul planted this church and it grieved him to see it struggle like this. Their previous religious beliefs, their inherited social attitudes, their relations with others in the community, all led to greatly differing perceptions of what God required of them. With all of this confusion, Paul felt he had to step up and share his heart. He wanted them to be mature. Thus, he takes time and settles their disputes and corrects their beliefs.

A lot of groups will want to tell you that doctrine is not important…and
although the major thrust of this letter is corrective of behavior rather than doctrine, Paul explains many doctrines that relate directly to the matters of sin and righteousness. In one way or another, wrong living always stems from wrong belief.

10 comments:

Jason said...

Fantastic! If I was in Columbia I would not want to miss this study.

billy v said...

Me either, oh, wait a minute...

Anonymous said...

billyvsquickhits.blogspot.com is very informative. The article is very professionally written. I enjoy reading billyvsquickhits.blogspot.com every day.
toronto payday loan
faxless payday loans

Anonymous said...

[url=http://vonmertoes.net/][img]http://vonmertoes.net/img-add/euro2.jpg[/img][/url]
[b]corel draw graphics suite x4 coreldraw manual, [url=http://hopresovees.net/]windows xp sp2[/url]
[url=http://hopresovees.net/][/url] buy photoshop plugins adobe photoshop cs4 extended for mac serial number
latest microsoft software [url=http://hopresovees.net/]where can i sell my software[/url] adobe photoshop cs4 serial
[url=http://vonmertoes.net/]ict software shop[/url] vista home premium oem software
[url=http://bariossetos.net/]software stores in houston[/url] Deluxe 2009 Mac
army software purchase program [url=http://vonmertoes.net/]buy microsoft office student discount[/b]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://vonmertoes.net/][img]http://vonmertoes.net/img-add/euro2.jpg[/img][/url]
[b]adobe software discounts, [url=http://bariossetos.net/]adobe 6.0 software[/url]
[url=http://vonmertoes.net/][/url] buy macromedia suite my office software
i sell used software [url=http://bariossetos.net/]sales order software[/url] price of softwares
[url=http://vonmertoes.net/]explorer error when searching for autocad files[/url] autocad for macintosh
[url=http://bariossetos.net/]express software price[/url] buy cheap software com
windows vista sp2 [url=http://hopresovees.net/]be a software reseller[/b]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://hopresovees.net/][img]http://vonmertoes.net/img-add/euro2.jpg[/img][/url]
[b]adobe conference software, [url=http://hopresovees.net/]edition software discounts[/url]
[url=http://vonmertoes.net/][/url] accounting software to buy educational software license
windows vista theme [url=http://bariossetos.net/]buy windows xp[/url] software discount game software
[url=http://vonmertoes.net/]Adobe PACK[/url] nero 9 best price
[url=http://bariossetos.net/]oem software license[/url] logos software discount
buy software cds [url=http://hopresovees.net/]line software store want[/b]

Anonymous said...

tvq2qzku70 http://www.hnyhjt.net/bbs//viewthread.php?tid=762901&extra=

dblt2slq17 http://www.abecaki.pl/Forum/viewtopic.php?f=12&t=314816

zu8wzqxh13 http://www.expo.sm.pl/forum/viewtopic.php?p=1549571#1549571

jbiy8hdf81 http://www.joe-tours.de/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=37777#37777

Anonymous said...

ahc3rnzg08 http://209.160.13.13/forum/viewtopic.php?p=425655#425655

flrz4ooj77 http://www.dreamusher.com/gmboards/viewtopic.php?f=22&t=170319

vt5iyria05 http://www.revengeofthe80sradio.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=241636

xjaa6muz47 http://cagejunkies.com/forums/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=101913

Anonymous said...

Create estimates from several builders prior to making your choice. You occur to be seemingly to search out a vital volume of variation amongst the prices that you might be offered from exclusive applicators. Needless to say, in the occasion you want to find the very best price tag, you want to evaluate as a lot of possibilities as you can.
Wu Li 1st girls to go through the greeting:, Mi Fang Jue tinkling news commentator is straightforward this Tai Lee appear around, he saw a cross-tom policewoman, is Qian ticket to a major BMW's Ju Lee Mi leisurely stroll, all the photographers machine firmly behind [url=http://www.dolasell.org/]cheap uggs[/url]
them. then [url=http://www.vbboots.com/]UGG Boots sale[/url]
Zhuo said: Television commentator, Shi issues out of the final challenge: Look at your body tinkling from the driver to pro-Bao it? get in touch with me 'Bao Bao judge'. Qianju is a stressful job Oh! Today, I want some pro-Bao, very good men and women can get rid of the burden, and then continue to perform you need to have a pro-Bao Jiao require it? a red heart, to see Zhuoju straight sub-Li Qian also http://www.dolasell.org
mentioned goodbye to the interview the employees, all of them speechless.
It is quite essential to keep a newborn child s cozy at particular ranges and with out a doubt you have to watch out they do no get far too chilly. In this regard, there are sheepskin slippers to pamper men and women small vulnerable ft with excellent breath potential as nicely as luxury embracing comfort. uggs boots on sale for cheapAs well, UGG sheepskin booties are specifically made to preserve infant s feet temperately heat even in harsh winter.
With a soft brush in hand, loosen all the dirt you see. Brush your UGG slippers in one particular path only. If you do not want the color of your UGG slippers to fade, then use cold water when brushing them. Ugg a pair of boots turn out to be exclusive designer brand in youngers. practically consultants put on and they are damaging. Youngers would like to gowns them practically in summer season.
As soon as online enterprise turns into properly identified, these potential buyers will quickly surge in statistics, bringing on elevated proceeds. Lots of people usually obtain url links on the internet on a website for you to improve their site. Should you be excited about marketing ebay design, you need to bear in thoughts that there are almost certainly a significant number of on-line websites on the internet and they go on boosting often.
Also with ugg tassel boots, the tassel utilized upper exchange people's sight for the ft not your figure, employing the laudation of your boot, individuals disregard your figure. Ugg shoes meet for people of all ages, equally youngers and olders can positioned on out completely distinct feelings of ugg. So contemplate that Ugg just for youth, the meet clothes you apparel up, you will most most likely be the brand new style inside the street

Anonymous said...

The materials mainly employed on these boots are from the best-class Australian merino sheep, which is the purpose your feet can really feel so comfy when you are wearing them. UGG Boots are a wonderful item to be utilized in winters as the wool component of the skin faces into the inside of the boot and as a result lies against the leg. The reputation of this brands boots has been rising in an amazingly race, which tends to make everybody surprise
The actual sheepskin coating had not been equal in http://www.dolasell.org
each footwear each, and 1 ended up getting substantially thinner compared to the some other. In addition, boots ended up also unfastened and I believed our feet sliding out of them with the entire thing. It not the responsibility of dellboots, however the reality that Ugg is apparently creating [url=http://www.dolasell.org]cheap uggs[/url]
reduce good quality boot designs is extremely discouraging.
Or examine feedback from other clients. A trustworthy web site is straightforward to be identified in this way. The last suggestions is learning the return and exchange policy provided on the webpage. I really like Ugg boot! I two sets related with Vintage Small within dark [url=http://www.dolasell.co.uk]ugg boots sale[/url]
along with saying. I place on 8M inside really sneaker We private other than Ugg sheepskin boots. I have a lot of shoes or boots (nonetheless by no means sufficient).
Ugg sheepskin boots quality is a result of a extended background of dedication, workmanship and interest to details. Consequently, any upkeep for the attractiveness and life of Ugg Shoes-Australia boots is nicely worth it. UGG Boots is now accessible in wealthy colors, as UGG Boots are so distinctive from other Boots, thanks to their eye-catching side split and distinctive wooden UGG button, you are bound to stand out from the crowd when you buy a pair,