Ernst von Dobschütz identified ten ways in which provision was made for the church by those capable of making it. They were:
providing a meeting place, overseeing the worship service, leading in prayer, scripture reading and song, aiding itinerant missionaries, supporting the poor, providing bail, representing church members who had to appear in court on charges arising out of their faith and traveling on the church’s behalf.F. F. Bruce feels that as the procedure became increasingly regularized, these services became the responsibility of the later office of the bishop but were originally undertaken voluntarily. There is no need, however, to suppose that it took years before a bishop would assume these duties. Those who had the position and money in the early churches could at an early date provide these services to the church and in Rome, Paul calls that person ho proistamenos (Romans 12:8).